• The article discusses the prevalence of environmental pollution in India, its effects on people and the environment, and potential solutions to reduce it.
• It explains that air quality is particularly poor due to increasing emissions from vehicles, factories, and burning of fossil fuels.
• Additionally, water pollution is caused by industrial runoff and untreated sewage disposal.
Environmental Pollution in India
The article examines environmental pollution in India: its causes, effects on human health and nature, as well as potential solutions for reducing it.
Air quality in India has been deteriorating at an alarming rate due to emissions from motor vehicles, factories, burning of fossil fuels and other activities. This has resulted in a significant increase in air pollutants such as particulate matter (PM) 2.5 and PM 10 which can cause respiratory illnesses. In addition, the presence of hazardous gases such as carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are leading to global warming and climate change.
Water pollution is another major concern due to industrial runoff from factories that release heavy metals into rivers or lakes; untreated sewage being dumped into water bodies; as well as chemical fertilizers used for farming. This results in eutrophication which depletes oxygen levels resulting in decreased aquatic life biodiversity.
Environmental pollution has a serious impact on human health leading to acute respiratory infections such as bronchitis or pneumonia; chronic illnesses like asthma or cancer; cardiovascular diseases; neurological problems; skin irritations; birth defects; food-borne diseases etc. In addition, exposure to toxic air pollutants can also lead to premature death.
To reduce environmental pollution various solutions need to be implemented including: decreasing dependence on fossil fuels by promoting renewable energy sources such as solar or wind power; incentivizing companies/industries that adopt clean production processes; introducing stringent regulations on emissions from motor vehicles etc.; promoting public transport systems over private cars; encouraging crop rotation practices among farmers etc.